Archive for Humans

Parrots Are Only The Second Kind of Animal That Can Grasp Probabilities besides human beings & other great Apes

Posted in 2020, animals with tags , , , on April 4, 2020 by theboldcorsicanflame

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Up until now, only human beings and other great apes have demonstrated an ability to understand probabilities – being able to weigh up the odds based on the available data, or statistical inference, as it’s formally called. Now, for the first time, a parrot species has demonstrated this skill.

Tests on six kea (Nestor notabilis) parrots have shown they were able to understand and act on probabilities in a variety of scenarios that have previously been tested on humans and apes.

The findings have some wide-reaching implications – from understanding more about how the minds of non-primates might work, to producing more realistic and detailed artificial intelligencesystems of our own.

In particular, the result sheds some light on whether human and non-human brains tend to develop specific sections for specific tasks (domain-specific), or adapt the same sort of cognitive processes for whatever task is required (domain-general).

“Our results show that kea exhibit three signatures of statistical inference, and therefore can integrate knowledge across different cognitive domains to flexibly adjust their predictions of sampling events,” the researchers write in their newly published study

TO BE CONTINUED ON

https://www.sciencealert.com/parrots-are-only-the-second-animal-we-ve-found-that-can-grasp-probabilities/amp

 

New research shows that the very same physical mechanisms are at play when a Bird sings and a Human speak

Posted in 2015, animals with tags , , , on December 1, 2015 by theboldcorsicanflame

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 When birds and humans sing it sounds completely different, but now new research reported in the journalNature Communications shows that the very same physical mechanisms are at play when a bird sings and a human speaks.

Birds and humans look different, sound different and evolved completely different organs for voice production. But now new research published in Nature Communications reveals that humans and birds use the exact same physical mechanism to make their vocal cords move and thus produce sound.

“Science has known for over 60 years that this mechanism – called the myoelastic-aerodynamic theory, or in short the MEAD mechanism- drives speech and singing in humans. We have now shown that birds use the exact same mechanism to make vocalizations. MEAD might even turn out to be a widespread mechanism in all land-dwelling vertebrates”, says lead author of the paper, Associate Professor Dr. Coen Elemans, Department of Biology, University of Southern Denmark. Co-authors of the paper are from Emory University, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology and Palacky University.

Over the last year Dr. Elemans and his colleagues studied six different species of bird from five avian groups. The smallest species, the zebra finch, weighs just 15 grams, and the largest one, the ostrich, weighs in at 200 kg. All studied birds were revealed to use the MEAD mechanism, just as humans do.

In the human voice box, or larynx, air from the lungs is pushed past the vocal cords, which then start moving back and forth sideways like a flag fluttering in the wind. With each oscillation the larynx closes and opens, making the airflow stop and start, which creates sound pulses. “Such vocal fold oscillations occur from about 100 times/sec in normal speech to one of the highest possible notes sung in opera at about 1400 times/sec, a F6 in Mozart’s “Die Zauberflöte”, adds voice expert and co-author Dr. Jan Švec of Palacky University in the Czech Republic.
To be Continued on

http://www.sott.net/article/307445-Birds-and-humans-Same-physical-mechanism-for-singing-talking

 

Over Population: 7,177,568,766 Human Beings

Posted in 2014 with tags , , , , , on March 7, 2014 by theboldcorsicanflame

over_population

Rank Country Population Year
1. China 1,355,692,544 2014 (Est.)
2. India 1,236,344,576 2014 (Est.)
3. United States of America 319,510,848 2014 (Est.)
4. Indonesia 253,289,984 2014 (Est.)
5. Brazil 210,174,032 2014 (Est.)
6. Pakistan 196,174,384 2014 (Est.)
7. Nigeria 178,975,120 2014 (Est.)
8. Bangladesh 166,280,704 2014 (Est.)
9. Russia 136,718,880 2014 (Est.)
10. Japan 127,103,392 2014 (Est.)
11. Mexico 117,459,368 2014 (Est.)
12. Philippines 107,668,232 2014 (Est.)
13. Ethiopia 99,943,392 2014 (Est.)
14. Vietnam 93,421,832 2014 (Est.)
15. Egypt 86,895,096 2014 (Est.)
16. Turkey 81,619,392 2014 (Est.)
17. Germany 80,996,688 2014 (Est.)
18. Iran 80,840,712 2014 (Est.)
19. Democratic Republic of the Congo 77,433,744 2014 (Est.)
20. Thailand 67,790,616 2014 (Est.)
21. France 66,021,744 2014 (Est.)
22. United Kingdom 63,742,976 2014 (Est.)
23. Italy 61,680,120 2014 (Est.)
24. Myanmar 55,746,252 2014 (Est.)
25. South Korea 49,039,984 2014 (Est.)
26. Sudan 48,551,556 2014 (Est.)
27. South Africa 48,375,644 2014 (Est.)
28. Spain 47,737,940 2014 (Est.)
29. Colombia 46,245,296 2014 (Est.)
30. Tanzania 45,298,800 2014 (Est.)
31. Kenya 45,010,056 2014 (Est.)
32. Ukraine 44,291,412 2014 (Est.)
33. Argentina 43,024,376 2014 (Est.)
34. Uganda 38,537,132 2014 (Est.)
35. Poland 38,346,280 2014 (Est.)
36. Algeria 36,231,008 2014 (Est.)
37. Canada 34,834,840 2014 (Est.)
38. Morocco 32,987,206 2014 (Est.)
39. Iraq 32,585,692 2014 (Est.)
40. Afghanistan 31,822,848 2014 (Est.)
41. Nepal 30,986,976 2014 (Est.)
42. Peru 30,147,936 2014 (Est.)
43. Malaysia 30,073,352 2014 (Est.)
44. Uzbekistan 28,929,716 2014 (Est.)
45. Venezuela 28,868,486 2014 (Est.)
46. Saudi Arabia 27,345,986 2014 (Est.)
47. Ghana 26,139,818 2014 (Est.)
48. Yemen 26,040,796 2014 (Est.)
49. North Korea 24,851,628 2014 (Est.)
50. Mozambique 24,692,144 2014 (Est.)
51. Madagascar 23,948,180 2014 (Est.)
52. Taiwan 23,184,256 2014 (Est.)
53. Cote d’Ivoire 22,848,944 2014 (Est.)
54. Syria 22,597,532 2014 (Est.)
55. Australia 22,507,616 2014 (Est.)
56. Sri Lanka 21,866,444 2014 (Est.)
57. Romania 21,729,872 2014 (Est.)
58. Cameroon 20,968,598 2014 (Est.)
59. Angola 19,088,106 2014 (Est.)
60. Burkina Faso 18,365,124 2014 (Est.)
61. Niger 18,360,608 2014 (Est.)
62. Kazakhstan 17,948,816 2014 (Est.)
63. Chile 17,301,704 2014 (Est.)
64. Malawi 17,241,754 2014 (Est.)
65. Netherlands 16,877,352 2014 (Est.)
66. Ecuador 15,654,411 2014 (Est.)
67. Cambodia 15,458,332 2014 (Est.)
68. Mali 15,312,320 2014 (Est.)
69. Zambia 15,191,177 2014 (Est.)
70. Guatemala 14,647,083 2014 (Est.)
71. Zimbabwe 13,771,721 2014 (Est.)
72. Senegal 13,635,927 2014 (Est.)
73. Rwanda 12,337,138 2014 (Est.)
74. Guinea 11,474,383 2014 (Est.)
75. Chad 11,412,107 2014 (Est.)
76. Burundi 11,227,049 2014 (Est.)
77. Cuba 11,047,251 2014 (Est.)
78. Tunisia 10,937,521 2014 (Est.)
79. Portugal 10,813,834 2014 (Est.)
80. Greece 10,775,557 2014 (Est.)
81. Bolivia 10,631,486 2014 (Est.)
82. Belgium 10,449,361 2014 (Est.)
83. Somalia 10,428,043 2014 (Est.)
84. Dominican Republic 10,349,741 2014 (Est.)
85. Benin 10,160,556 2014 (Est.)
86. Czech Republic 10,147,013 2014 (Est.)
87. Haiti 9,996,731 2014 (Est.)
88. Hungary 9,919,128 2014 (Est.)
89. Azerbaijan 9,686,210 2014 (Est.)
90. Belarus 9,473,642 2014 (Est.)
91. Sweden 9,135,785 2014 (Est.)
92. Honduras 8,598,561 2014 (Est.)
93. Austria 8,223,062 2014 (Est.)
94. Tajikistan 8,051,512 2014 (Est.)
95. Israel 7,821,850 2014 (Est.)
96. Switzerland 7,684,536 2014 (Est.)
97. Togo 7,351,374 2014 (Est.)
98. Hong Kong 7,210,050 2014 (Est.)
99. Serbia 7,209,764 2014 (Est.)
100. Libya 7,000,847 2014 (Est.)

theworldwithoutus

Animals With A Human Touch

Posted in 2013 with tags , , , on December 8, 2013 by theboldcorsicanflame

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Being Kind: The Music Video That Circled The World

Posted in 2013 with tags , , , , , , , , , on October 16, 2013 by theboldcorsicanflame

The 21-Day Kindness Challenge launched on September 11th. 98 countries. 6000 people. And a collective tidal wave of good that inspired many — including young rapper-activist “Nimo” Patel at the Gandhi Ashram in India. Nimo wasted no time channeling that inspiration into an infectious music video. “Being Kind” was created on super short notice by an intercontinental crew of volunteers working out of their living rooms. It features footage from all over the world and heart-melting appearances by the children Nimo works with in the slums. Watch, listen, and prepare to smile big at this lyrical reminder that kindness really is “all we can leave behind. –

Japan’s tsunami orphans face uncertain future by Huw Griffith

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , on March 27, 2011 by theboldcorsicanflame

Quake-Prone Turkey Vows To Move Nuke Plans Ahead – Activists make a human chain as they gather to protest against Turkey`s nuclear plant policies in Istanbul on March 19, 2011

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 26, 2011 by theboldcorsicanflame

Krista Tippett: Reconnecting with Compassion

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on March 23, 2011 by theboldcorsicanflame



Compassion is a piece of vocabulary that could change us if we truly let it sink into the standards by which we hold ourselves and others. –Krista Tippett

In association with TED Prize winner Karen Armstrong’s Charter for Compassion, Krista Tippett discusses the term “compassion” — typically reserved for the saintly or the sappy — and how it has fallen out of touch with reality. At a special event at the United Nations celebrating the Charter for Compassion, journalist Krista Tippett deconstructs the meaning of compassion through several moving stories, and proposes a new, more attainable definition for the word.


Why you should listen to her, Check out her résumé :
http://www.ted.com/speakers/krista_tippett.html

Krista Tippett grew up in Oklahoma, the granddaughter of a Southern Baptist preacher. She studied history at Brown University and went to Bonn, West Germany in 1983 on a Fulbright Scholarship to study politics in Cold War Europe. In her 20s, she ended up in divided Berlin for most of the 1980s, first as The New York Times stringer and a freelance correspondent for Newsweek, The International Herald Tribune, the BBC, and Die Zeit. She later became a special assistant to the U.S. Ambassador to West Germany.

When Tippett graduated with a M.Div. from Yale, she saw a black hole where intelligent coverage of religion should be. As she conducted a far-flung oral history project for the Benedictines of St. John’s Abbey, she began to imagine radio conversations about the spiritual and intellectual content of faith that could open minds and enrich public life. These imagined conversations became reality when she created “Speaking of Faith” (now “On Being”), which is broadcast on over 200 US pubic radio stations and globally by NPR. From ecology to autism to torture, Tippett and her guests reach beyond the headlines to explore meaning, faith and ethics amidst the political, economic, cultural and technological shifts that define 21st century life. Tippett is the author of “Speaking of Faith” and “Einstein’s God.”

“In a day where religion — or, rather arguments over religion — divide us into ever more entrenched and frustrated camps, Krista Tippett is exactly the measured, balanced commentator we need. Her intelligence is like a salve for all thinking people who have felt wounded or marginalized by The God Wars.”

Elizabeth Gilbert

Effect of radiation on humans still harbors mysteries From Thom Patterson

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , on March 21, 2011 by theboldcorsicanflame

The Lost Emperor: A Colony of Penguins Disappears by Wynne Parry,

Posted in animals with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 7, 2011 by theboldcorsicanflame